Northern Ontario Plant Database
Northern Ontario Vegetation Type (V-type)
Summary: A conifer-dominated stand with black spruce providing 21-40% cover in the overstorey. Jack pine and white pine may provide up to 20% cover, but do not occur as consistently as black spruce. The understorey contains black spruce (11-20% cover) and balsam fir (2-5% cover).
The shrub layer is poor, dominated by Labrador tea (6-10% cover), and lowbush and velvetleaf blueberries (each 2-5% cover). The herb layer is also poor, with 2-5% cover of the characteristic boreal forest species, along with creeping snowberry, trailing arbutus, and smaller amounts of goldthread.
The forest floor is covered with a carpet of feathermosses, including Schreber's feathermoss (>40% cover), plume moss (6-10% cover), and occasionally smaller amounts of stairstep moss (2-5% cover). The wavyleaf moss and gray reindeer lichen may occur in patches with 2-5% cover.
Soil and Ecosite Types: The Black Spruce-Jack Pine-Feathermoss Vegetation Type (NE-V20) occurs on a dry to moist calcareous or non-calcareous (acidic) coarse soils, including dry to moist sandy soils (S1, S3), dry to fresh calcareous sandy soils (S2), and dry to moist coarse loamy soils (S5, S7). The NE-V20 vegetation type may be found most commonly on ecosite types ES 45 and ES 5m, as well as types ES 1p (Black Spruce-Jack Pine-Very Shallow Soil-species poor), ES 2 (Jack Pine-Coarse Soil), ES 5f (Black Spruce-Fine Soil), and ES 18 (Jack Pine-White Pine-Red Pine).
tall shrubsDwarf Shrubs & Herbs:
Lichens:Schreber's feathermoss (Pleurozium schreberi)
Note: Species listed above are taken from the Vegetation type description and the Species Percentage Cover by Vegetation Type Tables (pg. D 34). Species are listed in order of most cover and abundance.gray reindeer lichen (Cladina rangiferina)