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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


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leaf What is an Herbarium?

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leaf Ontario FEC V-Types

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Northern Ontario Vegetation Type (V-type)


NE-V20: Black Spruce - Jack Pine - Feathermoss

Summary: A conifer-dominated stand with black spruce providing 21-40% cover in the overstorey. Jack pine and white pine may provide up to 20% cover, but do not occur as consistently as black spruce. The understorey contains black spruce (11-20% cover) and balsam fir (2-5% cover).

The shrub layer is poor, dominated by Labrador tea (6-10% cover), and lowbush and velvetleaf blueberries (each 2-5% cover). The herb layer is also poor, with 2-5% cover of the characteristic boreal forest species, along with creeping snowberry, trailing arbutus, and smaller amounts of goldthread.

The forest floor is covered with a carpet of feathermosses, including Schreber's feathermoss (>40% cover), plume moss (6-10% cover), and occasionally smaller amounts of stairstep moss (2-5% cover). The wavyleaf moss and gray reindeer lichen may occur in patches with 2-5% cover.

Soil and Ecosite Types: The Black Spruce-Jack Pine-Feathermoss Vegetation Type (NE-V20) occurs on a dry to moist calcareous or non-calcareous (acidic) coarse soils, including dry to moist sandy soils (S1, S3), dry to fresh calcareous sandy soils (S2), and dry to moist coarse loamy soils (S5, S7). The NE-V20 vegetation type may be found most commonly on ecosite types ES 45 and ES 5m, as well as types ES 1p (Black Spruce-Jack Pine-Very Shallow Soil-species poor), ES 2 (Jack Pine-Coarse Soil), ES 5f (Black Spruce-Fine Soil), and ES 18 (Jack Pine-White Pine-Red Pine).

Trees:
overstorey
black spruce (Picea mariana) [10]
jack pine (Pinus banksiana) [6]
balsam fir (Abies balsamea) [2]
trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides) [1]
white pine (Pinus strobus)
regeneration
black spruce (Picea mariana) [10]
balsam fir (Abies balsamea) [2]

Shrubs:
tall shrubs
serviceberries (Amelanchier spp.)
low shrubs
Labrador tea (Rhododendron groenlandicum)
lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium)
velvetleaf blueberry (Vaccinium myrtilloides)

Dwarf Shrubs & Herbs:
dwarf shrubs
creeping snowberry (Gaultheria hispidula)
trailing arbutus (Epigaea repens)
twinflower (Linnaea borealis)
forbs
bunchberry (Cornus canadensis)
wild lily-of-the-valley (Maianthemum canadense)
bluebead lily (Clintonia borealis)
goldthread (Coptis trifolia)

Bryophytes:
Schreber's feathermoss (Pleurozium schreberi)
plume moss (Ptilium crista-castrensis)
wavyleaf moss (Dicranum polysetum)
stairstep moss (Hylocomium splendens)
naugehyde liverworts (Ptilidium sp.)
dusky broom moss (or curly heron's-bill) (Dicranum fuscescens)

Lichens:
gray reindeer lichen (Cladina rangiferina)

Note: Species listed above are taken from the Vegetation type description and the Species Percentage Cover by Vegetation Type Tables (pg. D 34). Species are listed in order of most cover and abundance.

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