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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


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leaf What is an Herbarium?

leaf Genus Descriptions

leaf Species Descriptions

leaf Ontario FEC V-Types

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Northern Ontario Vegetation Type (V-type)


NE-V21: Jack Pine - Blueberry - Feathermoss - Lichen

Summary: A conifer stand dominated by jack pine (21-40% cover) in the overstorey, with occasional black spruce and white pine. The regeneration is primarily black spruce (6-10% cover), though jack pine and balsam fir, with 2-5% cover, were recorded from 1/3 to 2/3 of sample plots.

Blueberries, including lowbush blueberry (11-20% cover) and velvetleaf blueberry (6-10% cover), dominate the species-poor shrub layer, but in 1/3 to 2/3 of sample plots, sheep laurel provided 21-40% cover.

The herb layer is also poor and lacks most of the characteristic boreal forest species, though small amounts of twinflower and wild lily-of-the-valley may be found. None of the species listed for this vegetation type occurred in all of the sample plots, but in 1/3 to 2/3 of these plots, creeping snowberry, trailing arbutus, and wintergreen were found, all providing 2-5% cover.

The forest floor is carpeted with feathermosses, with Schreber's feathermoss, providing >40% cover, as the most common species. Reindeer lichen and coral lichen each provide 6-10% cover in the moss layer. Other mosses and lichens provide less cover.

Soil and Ecosite Types: The Jack Pine-Blueberry-Feathermoss-Lichen Vegetation Type (NE-V21) vegetation type occurs primarily on non -calcareous (acidic), dry to fresh sandy soils (S1), but may also be found on fresh to moist sandy soils (S3) and extremely shallow soils over acidic bedrock (SS2). This vegetation type most frequently occurs on ecosite types ES 2 (Jack Pine-Coarse Soils), but may also occur on ecosites ES 1p (Black Spruce-Jack Pine-Very Shallow Soil-Species Poor) and ES 18 (Jack Pine-White Pine-Red Pine).

Trees:
overstorey
jack pine (Pinus banksiana) [9]
black spruce (Picea mariana) [2]
white pine (Pinus strobus) [-]
regeneration
black spruce (Picea mariana)
jack pine (Pinus banksiana)
balsam fir (Abies balsamea)

Shrubs:
tall shrubs
serviceberries (Amelanchier spp.)
low shrubs
lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium)
velvetleaf blueberry (Vaccinium myrtilloides)
sheep laurel (Kalmia angustifolia)

Dwarf Shrubs & Herbs:
dwarf shrubs
creeping snowberry (Gaultheria hispidula)
trailing arbutus (Epigaea repens)
twinflower (Linnaea borealis)
wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens)
forbs
wild lily-of-the-valley (Maianthemum canadense)

Bryophytes:
Schreber's feathermoss (Pleurozium schreberi)
wavyleaf moss (Dicranum polysetum)
plume moss (Ptilium crista-castrensis)

Lichens:
star-tipped reindeer lichen (or coral lichen) (Cladina stellaris)
gray reindeer lichen (Cladina rangiferina)
green reindeer lichen (Cladina mitis)
common powderhorn (Cladonia coniocraea)

Note: Species listed above are taken from the Vegetation type description and the Species Percentage Cover by Vegetation Type Tables (pg. D 34). Species are listed in order of most cover and abundance.

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