Northern Ontario Plant Database
Northern Ontario Vegetation Type (V-type)
Summary: A wet, black spruce forest type dominated by black spruce in the overstorey (21-40% cover) and understorey (11-20% cover); balsam fir provides only 2-5% cover in the understorey.
The shrub layer is dominated by Labrador tea (11-20% cover) and other ericaceous shrubs, such as blueberries, sheep laurel, and bog laurel, each providing up to 5% cover.
The species-poor herb layer contains creeping snowberry and bunchberry (2-5% cover) and small amounts of sedges, threeleaf false Solomon's seal, and small cranberry.
The forest floor is covered by carpets of Schreber's feathermoss (>40% cover), with patches of common green and northern peatmoss (11-20% cover each). Other feathermosses and sphagnum species are also common. Gray reindeer lichen can form patches with 2-5% cover on hummocky areas.
Soil and Ecosite Types: The Black Spruce-Labrador Tea-Feathermoss-Sphagnum Vegetation Type (NE-V27) occurs primarily on deep organic soils (S17, S18), but may also occur on moist, shallow organic soils (S16) and moist fine loamy to clayey soils (S14). The NE-V27 vegetation type may be found on ecosite types ES 5m (Black Spruce-Medium Soil), ES 8 (Black Spruce-Feathermoss-Sphagnum-Moist Soil), and ES 11 (Black Spruce-Labrador tea-Organic soil).
low shrubsDwarf Shrubs & Herbs:
dwarf shrubsFerns and Allies:
Lichens:Schreber's feathermoss (Pleurozium schreberi)
Note: Species listed above are taken from the Vegetation type description and the Species Percentage Cover by Vegetation Type Tables (pg. D 34). Species are listed in order of most cover and abundance.gray reindeer lichen (Cladina rangiferina)