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Literature References


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W Z

As new resources become available, this bibliography will be revised periodically. Last modified Jan. 15, 2014.

  • - MacNeill J. 1978. Silene alba and S. dioica in North America and the generic delimitation of Lychnis, Melandrium, and Silene (Caryophyllaceae). Can. J. Bot. 56: 297-308.

  • - Macoun, J. 1890. Catalogue of Canadian plants. Additions and corrections to Parts 1-4. Vol. 2, Part 4. Acrogens. Dawson Bros., Montreal, Québec, Canada.

  • - Magee, D.W., and H.E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A Manual of the Vascular Flora of New England and Adjacent New York. University of Massachusetts Press. Amherst.

  • - Makowski, R. M. D. & I. N. Morrison. 1989. The biology of Canadian weeds. 91. Malva pusilla Sm (= M. rotundifolia L.) Can. J. Plant Sci. 69: 861-879.

  • - Marie-Victorin, Frère. 1995. Flore Laurentienne, troisième édition - corrected. Les Presses de l'Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec.

  • - Marles, R.J., C. Clavelle, L. Monteleone, N. Tays, and D. Burns. Aboriginal plant use in Canada's northwest boreal forest. Natural Resources Canada - Canadian Forest Service and UBC Press, Vancouver, B.C. 369 pp.

  • - Marquis, R.J. and E.G. Voss. 1981. Distribution of some western North American plants disjunct in the Great Lakes Region. Michigan Botanist 20: 53-82.

  • - Maun, M.A., and S.C.H. Barrett. 1986. The biology of Canadian weeds. 77. Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv. Can. J. Plant Sci. 66: 739-759.

  • - Maw, M. G., A. G. Thomas, A. Stahevitch. 1985. The biology of Canadian weeds. 66. Artemisia absinthium L. Can J. Plant Sci. 65: 389-400.

  • - McClintock, K.A., and M.J. Waterway. 1994. Genetic differentiation between Carex lasiocarpa and C. pellita (Cyperaceae) in North America. Amer. J. Bot. 81: 224-231.

  • - McJannet, C.L., S.G. Aiken, M.J. Dallwitz, L.J. Gillespie, and L.L. Consaul. 1997 onwards. Saxifragaceae of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago: Descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval. Version: 10th September 1999. URL: http://biodiversity.bio.uno.edu/delta/arcticf/sax/index.htm.

  • - McKenney, D.W., Hutchinson, M.F., Kesteven, J.L., Venier, L.A. 2001. Canada's plant hardiness zones revisted using modern climate interpolation techniques. Can. J. Plant Sci. 81: 129-143.

  • - McKinney, L. E., & N. H. Russell. 2002. Violaceae of the southeastern United States. Castanea. 67(4): 369-379.

  • - McKinney, L.E. 1992. A taxonomic revision of the acaulescent blue violets (Viola) of North America. Sida Botanical Miscellany 7.

  • - McKinney, L.E., and N.H. Russell. 2002. Violaceae of the southeastern United States. Castanea 67(4): 369-379.

  • - McNeill, J. 1981. The taxonomy and distribution in eastern Canada of Polygonum arenastrum (4x = 40) and P. monspeliense (6x = 60), introduced members of the P. aviculare complex. Can. J. Bot. 59: 2744-2751.

  • - McNeill, J., I.J. Bassett, and C.W. Crompton. 1977. Suaeda calceoliformis, the correct name for Suaeda depressa auct. Rhodora 79: 133-138.

  • - McNeill, J., and H.C. Prentice. 1981. Silene pratensis (Rafn.) Godron & Gren., the correct name for white campion or white cockle (Silene alba (Miller) E.H.L. Krause, nom. illeg.) Taxon 30: 27-32.

  • - McNeill, J., and K.M. Pryer. 1985. The status and typification of Phegopteris and Gymnocarpium. Taxon 34: 136-143.

  • - McNeill, J., and W.G. Dore. 1976. Taxonomic and nomenclatural notes on Ontario grasses. Naturaliste Can., 103: 553-567.

  • - Meades, S.J. 1990. Natural regions of Newfoundland and Labrador. Protected Areas Associaton, St. John's Nfld. 374 pp. + 101 pp. map appendix.

  • - Meades, S.J., S.G. Hay, and L. Brouillet. 2000. Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Newfoundland and Labrador. Memorial Univ. Botanical Garden, Nature Conservancy of Canada, Nfld. & Lab. Dept. of Forest Res. and Agrifoods, Parks Canada, and Western Newfoundland Model Forest Inc. Printed in Sault. Ste. Marie, Ont. 237 pp. URL: http://www.nfmuseum.com/meades.htm.

  • - Meades, W.J., and L. Moores. 1989. Forest site classification manual. A field guide to the Damman forest types of Newfoundland. (1st edition). FRDA Report 003. Forestry Canada, Newfoundland and Labrador Region, St. John's, and Dept. of Forestry and Agriculture, Govt. of Newfoundland and Labrador, Corner Brook, Newfoundland. 334 pp.

  • - Meades, W.J., and L. Moores. 1994. Forest site classification manual. A field guide to the Damman forest types of Newfoundland. (2nd edition). FRDA Report 003. Western Newfoundland Model Forest Inc., Dept. of Forestry and Agric., Corner Brook, Newfoundland, and Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada, St. John's, Newfoundland. 334 pp.

  • - Meeker, J.E., J. E. Elias, and J.A. Heim. 1993. Plants used by the Great Lakes Ojibwa. Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission. Odanah, Wisconsin. 440 pp. [covers Wisconsin, Michigan, and Minnesota.]

  • - Meerts, P., J.-P. Briane, and C. Lefèbvre. 1990. A numerical taxonomic study of the Polygonum aviculare complex (Polygonaceae) in Belgium. Pl. Syst. Evol. 173: 71-90.

  • - Meerts, P., T. Baya, and C. Lefèbvre. 1998. Allozyme variation in the annual weed species complex Polygonum aviculare (Polygonaceae) in relation to ploidy level and colonizing ability. Pl. Syst. Evol. 211: 239-256.

  • - Melderis, A. 1978. Taxonomic notes on the tribe Triticeae (Gramineae), with special reference to the genera Elymus L. sensu lato, and Agropyron Gaertner sensu lato. Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 76(4): 369-384.

  • - Menapace, F.J. 1991. A preliminary micromorphological analysis of Eleocharis (Cyperaceae) achenes for systematic potential. Can. J. Bot. 69: 1533-1541.

  • - Menapace, F.J., D.E. Wujek, and A.A.Reznicek. 1986. A systematic revision of the genus Carex (Cyperaceae) with respect to the section Lupulinae. Can. J. Bot. 64: 2785-2788.

  • - Mertens, T.R., and P.H. Raven. 1965. Taxonomy of Polygonum, section Polygonum (Avicularia) in North America. Madroño 18: 85-92.

  • - Metzgar, J.S., J.E. Skog, E.A. Zimmer, and K.M. Pryer. 2008. The paraphyly of Osmunda is confirmed by phylogenetic analysis of seven plastid loci. Systematic Botany 33(1): 31-36.

  • - Missouri Botanical Garden. 1996. w3TROPICOS: New World Grass Checklist. St. Louis, Missouri, USA. URL: http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/tropicos/Poa/agfnames.html.

  • - Moore, A.J., and M.S. Dillenberger. 2017. A conspectus of the genus Cherleria (Minuartia s.l., Caryophyllaceae). Willdeonwia 47: 5-14.

  • - Moore, R.J. 1972. Distribution of native and introduced knapweed (Centaurea) in Canada and the United States. Rhodora 74: 331-346.

  • - Morisset, P. 1971. Endemism in the vascular plants of the Gulf of St. Lawrence Region. Naturaliste can. 98:167-177.

  • - Morton, C.V. 1967. The fern herbarium of André Michaux. Amer. Fern J. 57:166-182.

  • - Morton, J.K., and J.M. Venn. 1990. A checklist of the flora of Ontario - vascular plants. Univ. of Waterloo Biology Series, No. 34. Univ. of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ont. 218 pp.

  • - Morton, J.K., and J.M. Venn. 2000. The flora of Manitoulin Island, 3rd ed. Univ. of Waterloo Biology Series, No. 40. Univ. of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ont. 375 pp.

  • - Mosyakin, S.L. 1995. New taxa of Corispermum L. (Chenopodiaceae), with preliminary comments on the taxonomy of the genus in North America. Novon 5:340-353.

  • - Mulligan, G. A. & B. E. Junkins. 1978. The taxonomic rank of Rydberg’s poison ivy. Naturaliste can. 105: 291-293.

  • - Mulligan, G. A. & D. B. Munro. 1981. The biology of Canadian weeds. 48. Cicuta maculata L., C. douglasii (DC.) Coult. & Rose and C. virosa L. Can J. Plant Sci. 61: 93-105.

  • - Mulligan, G.A. 1980. The biology of Canadian weeds. 1-32. Agr. Can. Publ. 1693, Ottawa.

  • - Mulligan, G.A. 1984. The biology of Canadian weeds. 33-61. Agr. Can. Publ. 1765, Ottawa.

  • - Mulligan, G.A., and D.B. Munro. 1981. The biology of Canadian weeds. 48. Cicuta maculata L., C. douglasii (DC.) Coult. & Rose, and C. virosa L. Can. J. Plant Sci. 61: 93-105.

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